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性暴力嚴重 去年首九月874宗

【本報訊】本港家庭暴力問題轉趨嚴重,性暴力個案更急劇飆升,社會福利署一三年接獲的首次呈報性暴力個案有六百八十一宗,較一二年急升一點八倍,去年首九個月更接獲八百七十四宗,超過一三年的總和。有同志團體質疑,有關數字已低於實際情況,因跨性別人士的求助尚未包含在內,又質疑社署的前線人員是否有足夠訓練處理「性小眾」的家暴問題。

立法會福利事務委員會轄下處理家庭暴力及性暴力的策略和措施小組委員會昨開會,討論有關家庭暴力及性暴力定義、識別的議題,有約廿個團體及政黨出席。根據社署的資料顯示,一三年首次呈報的家暴個案有三千八百多宗,較一二年上升四成。

有婦女團體批評,當局庇護中心不足,令她們難覓容身之所;有團體則指,現時未有一個統一處理性暴力的部門,受害人往往要到多個部門重複講述其被侵犯的經歷,無疑是二次傷害,建議檢討現行程序及機制。

團體質疑社署前線乏訓練

另有同志團體批評,曾到社署求助受性暴力傷害,但對方多不會記錄在案,質疑性暴力數字遠低於實際情況,又質疑社署的前線人員是否有足夠能力處理「性小眾」的家暴問題。

社署助理署長(家庭及兒童福利)馮重民指,過去數年採取不同措施改善家庭暴力的服務,又透過不同渠道接觸「性小眾」,以及定期提供培訓予前線社工及其他專業人員,相信他們有足夠能力處理不同問題的個案。

台灣老外染愛滋 不用強制遣返

未來感染愛滋的外國人,將不會被強制遣返!昨天立法院初審通過「人類免疫缺乏病毒傳染防治及感染者權益保障條例」部分條文修正草案,未來外籍人士在台檢驗確認為愛滋病患者,可在台灣治療,不會被強制遣返,但醫療費用需自付。

聯合國統計,台灣是全球28個拒絕外籍愛滋病感染者居留的國家之一,在台灣停留超過3個月,需接受愛滋篩檢,若結果呈現陽性,就必須驅逐出境,這項規定也因違反人權,而備受爭議。

昨天衛環委員會初審通過該條例部分條文修正草案,刪除非本國籍愛滋感染者入境、停留及居留限制。

衛福部次長林奏延昨天指出,依現行規定,若外籍人士來台停留3個月以上,接受愛滋檢驗確定感染,外交部或移民署會廢止簽證或居留許可證,並強制遣返,也讓台灣成為跟愛滋人權背道而馳的國家。

林奏延說,為尊重愛滋病患權益,目前全球139個國家都取消愛滋感染者的遣返規定,目前僅台灣等28個國家有這樣規定,因此決定修法刪除規定,未來在台灣停留3個月以上的外國人,也不必做愛滋篩檢。

另外,昨早也初審通過該條例部分條文修正草案,未來愛滋病患確診並服藥2年後,治療費用由健保給付,但部分負擔費用,由疾管署編列預算支應;但下午國民黨立委江惠貞痛斥衛福部,指出許多立委都反對由健保支付,衛福部卻偷偷摸摸找一位立委提修正動議,並通過該版本,她揚言將把此案拉下來。

此外,去年高雄醫學大學附設醫院幫一位患者做愛滋篩檢,遭衛生局罰款,昨天初審也通過,未來若疑似愛滋個案,醫院可基於醫療迫切性,對當事人實施愛滋篩檢。

理大民調:近半市民拒同志享配偶福利

【本報訊】《性傾向歧視條例》立法爭議持續,反對立法的性傾向條例家校關注組昨日公佈相關民意調查,指近半巿民不同意政府立法規定僱主把現有配偶福利延伸至同性伴侶,逾半巿民則認為學校拒絕教導學生同性戀與異性戀一樣美好,不應被視為歧視。該組召集人黃偉明演繹結果時指出,巿民希望社會能包容不同意見,包括反同言論,當局不應強行推動立法,剝奪言論自由。

性傾向條例家校關注組早前委託理大應用社會科學系社會政策研究中心,就公眾對性傾向歧視的看法展開調查,被訪的611名巿民中,六成沒有宗教信仰。結果發現,近半巿民不同意政府立法規定僱主把現有配偶福利延伸至同性伴侶,逾半巿民認為學校拒絕教導學生同性戀與異性戀一樣美好,不應被視為歧視。

指結果反映不應立法

但是,同一民意調查亦指出,近六成巿民認為僱主以公司宗旨為由拒絕聘請同性戀者,應該被視為歧視;近半巿民亦認為商戶拒絕向同性戀者提供婚姻以外的服務,應該被視為歧視,至於不提供婚禮相關的服務,例如婚禮攝影、訂做結婚蛋糕等,「同意」或「非常同意」為歧視的比例則下跌至34%。

調查又發現,有三成人「不接納」及「非常不接納」社會上有不認識的人有同性戀傾向。其中一條題目問到,社會應包容贊成或反對同性戀的言論,結果有近七成人同意。

黃偉明演繹此結果時,指巿民希望社會能包容不同意見,包括不認同同性戀的言論,又認為此結果反映當局不應強行推動立法,剝奪言論自由,亦不應強迫學校教導同性戀價值。

Anti-AIDS medicine project likely to take off at Sonagachi

KOLKATA: Asia's largest red light zone, Sonagachi is likely to be the first among such areas in the country to roll out an experimental project under which sex-workers will be administered medicine to prevent HIV infection. 

Under the project 'Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis' (PrEP), regular medicine would be given to an HIV-negative sex worker engaged in sex with an HIV-positive person, a senior official of an NGO working for the welfare of sex-workers said. 

The medicine will prevent a sex-worker from getting infected by HIV virus, principal of Sonagachi Research and Training Institute (SRTI), the NGO, Samarjit Jana told PTI. 

The project, to be financed by the Melinda Gates Foundation, has been submitted to the Union Ministry of Health and is waiting for a nod from the National AIDS Control Organisation (NACO). 

"We have submitted the report to the Union Health Ministry, which has forwarded it to the NACO. We are waiting for a nod from the NACO within the next few months," Jana said. 

The SRTI is an arm of the Durbar Mahila Samanwaya Committee (DMSC), a forum of 1,30,000 sex-workers in West Bengal. 

Jana said that use of condoms and taking PrEP medicine everyday will offer double protection against HIV infection. 

"We all know that use of condoms during sex has brought down HIV prevalence, but often customers do not use condoms. In such cases and in cases of defective condoms, the virus can attack a person. This can be prevented by regular intake of such a medicine," he explained. MORE PTI PNT MD AMD AAR 01011305 NNNN 

The national programme officer at NACO, B B Rewari, agrees that PrEP has the potential to bring down risk factors by 60-70 per cent among the high risk groups such as sex-workers. 

Rewari said, "We have received project report from Durbar just a few days back. We are looking into it. The PrEP is yet to be introduced in India. If the project is allowed, Sonagachi will be first to implement it." 

However, some factors need to be considered, such as its acceptability in society, especially among sex-workers, Rewari pointed out, saying that the medicinal treatment along with use of condoms had been very successful abroad in preventing HIV infection. 

President of AIDS Society of India, IS Gilada, welcomed the move and said it would help bring down AIDS prevalence in the country. 

"I have been a staunch advocate of PrEP and I feel it is a welcome move. It will help bring down AIDS prevalence. I have also spoken in favour of Postexposure Prophylaxis which can kill the virus within a few hours of a person getting infected," he said. 

Gilada said that the medicine was very useful in rape cases and in cases where a person unknowingly had sex with an HIV-affected person. 

According to Jana, the project will be a two-year programme to be implemented after sorting out HIV-negative sex-workers at Sonagachi. 

"First, of the nearly 20,000 sex-workers at Sonagachi, we will select 1,000 sex-workers who do not have HIV virus. A counselling class will be undertaken for them to inform them of the efficacy of PrEP," he said. 

毒誘男同志性交 愛滋師判刑

〔本報綜合報導〕台北巿一名罹愛滋病的男性教師被控以毒品引誘男網友發生性行為,台灣高等法院日前判處十一年徒刑及二年徒刑。全案可上訴。

 台北地檢署起訴指出,被告為同性戀者、國小老師,於民國一○○年二月十一日經由檢驗知悉自身感染「後天免疫缺乏症候群」(AIDS,俗稱愛滋病)後,即存心報復,刻意隱瞞自己感染愛滋病,在男同志聊天室以「煙大屌熟男」為暱稱並刊登訊息,以共同施用毒品「助性」為誘因,尋求願與他發生性行為者,逾10十人因此與他發生危險性行為

 檢方偵查後,以違反人類免疫缺乏病毒傳染防治及感染者權益保障條例、毒品危害防制條例及妨害公務等罪,起訴這名罹愛滋病男教師。

 法院審理期間,男教師辯稱,他沒有隱瞞感染愛滋病,有按時服藥,病毒量為測不到等級,有尊重性行為對方的意願使用保險套,沒有將愛滋病傳染給他人的主觀犯意。

 高院日前認定毒品轉讓觸犯毒品危害防制條例等罪,判他應執行二年徒刑,得易服社會勞動;違反人類免疫缺乏病毒傳染防治及感染者權益保障條例部分,判刑十一年。全案可上訴。

 
 
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