POZLIFE - 資訊 https://www.poz.org.hk/index.php/tc/ 2018-07-22T22:50:04+08:00 Joomla! - Open Source Content Management 醜聞!禁上游泳課、逼退學 國防大學爆歧視愛滋生 2016-04-27T13:38:59+08:00 2016-04-27T13:38:59+08:00 https://www.poz.org.hk/index.php/tc/news/273-2016-04-27-05-38-60 多啦A夢 kl.lee@aidsconcern.org.hk <div class="feed-description"><p><img src="images/jp.jpg" border="0" width="388" height="291" /></p> <p>國防大學爆發歧視愛滋學生「醜聞」!一名大四即將畢業的學生阿立(化名)一次健康檢查中,無意被學校得知感染了愛滋病毒,沒想到學校竟用盡一切手段,禁止其上游泳課、要求餐盤衣服分開清洗,甚至周周約談該生,硬逼其退學,衛福部疾管署今(26)天怒摃國防大學,將上訴到底要求撤銷退學處分。</p> <p>台北高等行政法院是在日前就國防大學不服衛福部為阿立爭取就學權益一案之上,判衛福部敗訴,疾管署長郭旭崧今天親自召開記者會,強調校方做法就是實質的歧視,將據理力爭,上訴到底。</p> <p>郭旭崧說,法院一審判決並未否認學校有歧視行為,卻認定衛福部沒有推翻其他行政機關歧視行為的權力,明顯忽略了「人類免疫缺乏病毒傳染防治及感染者權益保障條例」的立法精神,對疾管署執行愛滋人權保障是很大的挫敗,此例一開,將造成不可收拾的局面,疾管署不可能就此罷手。</p> <p>愛滋病感染者權益促進會秘書長林宜慧說,學校不只周周由不同的師長無故約談阿立,勸其「身體不好要不要回家休養」、「同學覺得你很奇怪,要不要自願離校」等,甚至威脅阿立若不自動退學,就要將病情告知家人,最後就以抓到阿立違規為由,以態度不佳、頂撞師長等連續記過退學。</p> <p>台灣還是在發生歧視愛滋事件!林宜慧強調,雖然阿立經向衛福部申訴後,得到衛福部要求學校應恢復就學機會或雙方和解的正面回應,沒想到如今法院竟然撤銷衛福部要求學校改善的處分,令人痛心。</p> <p>郭旭崧強調,疾管署對於判決感到相當遺憾,也對阿立的遭遇感到痛心以及不捨,將會再上訴至最高行政法院,也呼籲國防大學能夠善意回應,以關懷取代歧視,從心接受愛滋感染者。並提醒愛滋感染者若受到各式不公平待遇或歧視時,可尋求衛生局人員的協助積極爭取自身就學、就業、就醫等合法權益。</p> <div class="views-counter">記者陳鈞凱/台北報導</div> <div class="news-info">2016.04.26 / 17:31</div></div> <div class="feed-description"><p><img src="images/jp.jpg" border="0" width="388" height="291" /></p> <p>國防大學爆發歧視愛滋學生「醜聞」!一名大四即將畢業的學生阿立(化名)一次健康檢查中,無意被學校得知感染了愛滋病毒,沒想到學校竟用盡一切手段,禁止其上游泳課、要求餐盤衣服分開清洗,甚至周周約談該生,硬逼其退學,衛福部疾管署今(26)天怒摃國防大學,將上訴到底要求撤銷退學處分。</p> <p>台北高等行政法院是在日前就國防大學不服衛福部為阿立爭取就學權益一案之上,判衛福部敗訴,疾管署長郭旭崧今天親自召開記者會,強調校方做法就是實質的歧視,將據理力爭,上訴到底。</p> <p>郭旭崧說,法院一審判決並未否認學校有歧視行為,卻認定衛福部沒有推翻其他行政機關歧視行為的權力,明顯忽略了「人類免疫缺乏病毒傳染防治及感染者權益保障條例」的立法精神,對疾管署執行愛滋人權保障是很大的挫敗,此例一開,將造成不可收拾的局面,疾管署不可能就此罷手。</p> <p>愛滋病感染者權益促進會秘書長林宜慧說,學校不只周周由不同的師長無故約談阿立,勸其「身體不好要不要回家休養」、「同學覺得你很奇怪,要不要自願離校」等,甚至威脅阿立若不自動退學,就要將病情告知家人,最後就以抓到阿立違規為由,以態度不佳、頂撞師長等連續記過退學。</p> <p>台灣還是在發生歧視愛滋事件!林宜慧強調,雖然阿立經向衛福部申訴後,得到衛福部要求學校應恢復就學機會或雙方和解的正面回應,沒想到如今法院竟然撤銷衛福部要求學校改善的處分,令人痛心。</p> <p>郭旭崧強調,疾管署對於判決感到相當遺憾,也對阿立的遭遇感到痛心以及不捨,將會再上訴至最高行政法院,也呼籲國防大學能夠善意回應,以關懷取代歧視,從心接受愛滋感染者。並提醒愛滋感染者若受到各式不公平待遇或歧視時,可尋求衛生局人員的協助積極爭取自身就學、就業、就醫等合法權益。</p> <div class="views-counter">記者陳鈞凱/台北報導</div> <div class="news-info">2016.04.26 / 17:31</div></div> 第一期月刊 2016-02-29T03:55:31+08:00 2016-02-29T03:55:31+08:00 https://www.poz.org.hk/index.php/tc/113-monthlypublication/232-first-month 多啦A夢 kl.lee@aidsconcern.org.hk <div class="feed-description"><p><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">AIDS Concern Information and Education e-Newsletter</span></strong></p> <p><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">March 2016</span></strong></p> <p>AIDS Concern is launching this new Information and Education e-Newsletter to provide information about HIV/AIDS, treatment of HIV/AIDS and our services. This first issue is on counselling and our voluntary counselling and testing services.</p> <p><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">「關懷愛滋」資訊及教育電子通訊</span></strong></p> <p><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">2016</span></strong><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">年3</span></strong><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">月號</span></strong></p> <p><span style="font-size: 12.16px; line-height: 1.3em;">「關懷愛滋」現推出此資訊及教育電子通訊,提供有關愛滋病知識、醫學發展、「關懷愛滋」服務等資訊。<br /></span><span style="font-size: 12.16px; line-height: 1.3em;">今期電子通訊主題是輔導和我們的自願測試及輔導(Voluntary Counselling and Testing)服務。</span></p> <p><strong> </strong></p> <p><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">What is the significance of counselling in HIV testing?</span></strong></p> <p><span style="text-decoration: underline;">Why does AIDS Concern provide counselling services to testing service users—how is it related to HIV prevention?</span></p> <p>Research shows that even a brief, focused, client-centred counselling session would at least have some short-term effect in reducing risky sexual behavior and reducing AIDS-related stigma. (Peltzer, Simbayi, Banyini &amp; Kekana, 2012)</p> <p>Another research regarding the effect of a 60-minute session of motivational or skill-building HIV risk reduction counselling intervention followed up at 4-month intervals indicated (i) significantly greater risk reduction practices, (ii) lower rates of multiple partners, unprotected intercourse, alcohol or drug use in the context of sex, transactional sex and (iii) a greater likelihood of reduction of alcohol use and abuse. (Peltzer, Tabane, Matseke &amp; Simbayi, 2009)</p> <p>Moreover, the testing workers of AIDS Concern have been trained and with a non-judgmental, open and friendly approach we explore how to deal with your concerns together with you in the 40-minute testing and counselling session.</p> <p><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">輔導在愛滋病病毒測試的重要性是甚麼?</span></strong></p> <p><span style="text-decoration: underline;">很多人不明白為什麼我們要為測試使用者提供輔導;這與預防愛滋病有什麼關係?</span></p> <p>研究顯示,一次簡短、專注,並以服務對象為中心的輔導服務對減少高風險性行為有短期影響,並減輕服務對象對愛滋病的污名。(Peltzer, Simbayi, Banyini &amp; Kekana, 2012)</p> <p>另一項研究發現,每4個月一次的60分鐘動機性及技巧建立的風險緩和輔導可以有以下影響 (1) 大大減少高風險行為、(2) 減少多個性伴侶的情況、不安全性行為、在進行性行為時使用藥物或酒精、性交易和(3) 有機會減少使用酒精及暴力。(Peltzer, Tabane, Matseke &amp; Simbayi, 2009)</p> <p>更重要是「關懷愛滋」的測試員都是經過訓練,會以不批判、開放及友好的態度在40分鐘的測試中與你同行,探索你的困擾及面對的處境。</p> <p><em style="font-size: 12.16px; line-height: 1.3em;">References</em></p> <p><span style="font-size: xx-small;">Peltzer, K., Simbayi, L., Banyini, M., &amp; Kekana, Q. (2012). HIV Risk Reduction Intervention Among Medically Circumcised Young Men in South Africa: A Randomized Controlled Trial. International Journal Of Behavioral Medicine, 19(3), 336-341. doi:10.1007/s12529-011-9171-8</span></p> <p><span style="font-size: xx-small;">Peltzer, K., Tabane, C., Matseke, G., &amp; Simbayi, L. (2009). Lay counsellor-based risk reduction intervention with HIV negative diagnosed patients at HIV counselling and testing sites in a rural South African setting. Journal Of Psychology In Africa, 19(4), 541-548.</span></p> <p><strong> </strong></p> <p><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">Voluntary counselling and testing services of AIDS Concern</span></strong></p> <p>The objective of our voluntary counselling and testing services is not only to allow service users to know the result of the HIV test in a comfortable, confidential setting, but also to allow service users to chat with our counsellors about how they feel about getting tested, HIV risk and how to face the test result together in the 40-minute counselling and testing session. Our counsellors are open and non-judgmental.</p> <p>Apart from one-off voluntary counselling and testing services, we provide a ‘Shall We Talk’ service for people facing the following issues:</p> <ul> <li><span style="font-size: 12.16px; line-height: 1.3em;">Relationship problems</span></li> <li><span style="font-size: 12.16px; line-height: 1.3em;">Emotional distress</span></li> <li><span style="font-size: 12.16px; line-height: 1.3em;">Problems with drugs or alcohol consumption</span></li> <li><span style="font-size: 12.16px; line-height: 1.3em;">Sexual health</span></li> <li><span style="font-size: 12.16px; line-height: 1.3em;">Identity crisis</span></li> <li><span style="font-size: 12.16px; line-height: 1.3em;">Difficulties in using condoms</span></li> <li><span style="font-size: 12.16px; line-height: 1.3em;">Others</span></li> </ul> <p>If you face these issues, our counsellors are here to listen and provide support. Please contact us on 2394 6677.</p> <p><img src="images/Shall%20we%20talk%20Eng%20landscape_non25%20logo.jpg" border="0" width="440" height="309" /></p> <p><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">「關懷愛滋」測試及輔導服務</span></strong></p> <p>自願測試及輔導(voluntary counselling and testing)期望在進行測試的過程中,讓來進行測試的朋友在保密舒適的環境即時知道愛滋病病毒測試結果,更重要是在40分鐘的輔導及測試過程中,測試員會以不批判、開放的態度與來測試的朋友傾談測試的心情、感染風險,以及一同探討如何面對測試的結果。</p> <p>除了一次性的自願測試及輔導,我們亦提供「陪我講」服務,如果你面對以下煩惱:</p> <ul> <li><span style="font-size: 12.16px; line-height: 1.3em;">伴侶關係問題</span></li> <li><span style="font-size: 12.16px; line-height: 1.3em;">情緒困擾</span></li> <li><span style="font-size: 12.16px; line-height: 1.3em;">關於毒品或飲酒的問題</span></li> <li><span style="font-size: 12.16px; line-height: 1.3em;">性健康</span></li> <li><span style="font-size: 12.16px; line-height: 1.3em;">身份認同</span></li> <li><span style="font-size: 12.16px; line-height: 1.3em;">使用安全套的困難</span></li> <li><span style="font-size: 12.16px; line-height: 1.3em;">其他問題</span></li> </ul> <p>我們的輔導員都會為大家提供持續性的傾談,一同面對。</p> <p>你可以致電2394 6677聯絡我們的輔導員。</p> <p><img src="images/flat%20shall%20we%20talk.jpg" border="0" width="440" height="311" /></p> <p> </p> <p><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">An interview with Dickson, a counsellor of AIDS Concern<br /> </span></strong><br /> <strong>Interviewer:</strong> What does counselling mean to you? <br /> Dickson: Haha….. I have been reflecting on this question over these years. At the moment, counselling is a journey to me. A tour guide (the counsellor) who understands, trusts and loves hopes to create a safe and reliable platform for a traveler with their own stories (people who receive counselling services). It’s a journey which may reveal some of the hidden secrets of the travelers and remind them of past wounds. It is also an opportunity for them to rephrase the meaning of life or reshape some of their beliefs. Of course it is the traveler who decides what his/her destination is.</p> <p><strong>Interviewer:</strong> Can you share one of your most memorable experiences?</p> <p><strong>Dickson:</strong> There are plenty of them. Every story is unique and fruitful when you listen to each service user with full attention.<br /> <br /> I remember a service user who came for our voluntary counselling and testing (VCT) service. He looked around 20 years old. He was good-looking and looked cold and distant. At the beginning, I could tell he had some understanding of our VCT service and HIV and had emotionally prepared for any positive testing result. I felt he seemed to regret what he did and feel anxious and worried about the testing result. <br /> <br /> During the 15 minutes when we waited for the result, we chatted about an unforgettable romance which had just ended. Apart from changes in his emotions and thoughts, I could see heart-breaking memories in his tears. <br /> <br /> The result came as negative finally. He smiled and told me he had never thought he would share his memories with a stranger here. I thought sometimes all that we could do is to be by their side and show them that we care.<span style="font-size: 12.16px; line-height: 1.3em;"> </span></p> <p>There are three things I want to share about this experience. Firstly, He and you, you and I or our family and friends share similar stories, but we are subjective about the pain we feel. Secondly, it reminds me of what my teacher said- ‘never harm, sometimes heal, always care.’ Finally, we are all looking for that someone who accepts us wholly, aren’t we?</p> <p><strong>Interviewer:</strong> As a counsellor, what do you hope to see?</p> <p><strong>Dickson:</strong> As a passer-by in someone’s life, I want to see changes, growth, and strengthened self-reflection in our clients. To be able to love and to be loved, re-discover one’s self and value and pursue one’s dream are what I have envisioned since learning about counselling. I was greedy in the past. <br /> Now, what I value is what people who come for our services want and need at this moment and what they want to see. Lastly, as a counsellor, I wish to be attentive every moment, to live fully and to feel whole-heartedly.  </p> <p> </p> <p><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">「關懷愛滋」輔導員Dickson</span></strong><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">訪問</span></strong></p> <p><strong>小記:</strong> 對你來說,輔導是什麼?</p> <p><strong>Dickson :</strong> 哈哈,其實我這些年來都在反思這個問題。就此時此刻的我而言,輔導是一個旅行。是一個由對人有了解、有希望、心存信念和愛的導遊(輔導員),創造一個安全和可以信賴的平台,陪伴一位帶著自己人生地圖的遊客(接受輔導的朋友)一同探索的旅程。這個旅程有可能會碰到受傷的過去和重遇一些隱藏了很久的秘密,也有機會重拾生命的意義或重整一些信念。而到底目要到哪裡探索,當然是遊客自己決定。</p> <p><strong>小記:</strong> 你以分享一下最深刻的輔導經歷嗎?</p> <p><strong>Dickson : </strong>其實有很多,因為當你願意花時間去細心聆聽每一個故事,他們都是獨特,都是精彩。</p> <p>我突然想起一個來接受測試服務的朋友。他看似二十多歲,外表俊俏,帶有一點冷酷及距離感,臉上沒有多餘的表情。開始時,從對話中聽到他對測試及愛滋病的相關議題及情況有一定認識,也有心理準備。但無形中,從他的氣息中,我感受到的,是他好像對之前發生的事感到後悔,對未發生的感到焦慮和不安。測試後,等待的十五分鐘,我們開始聊的是一段剛剛完結了,卻又銘心刻骨的愛情。除了思想和感受上的改變,我從他眼角的淚痕中發現的,是一幕幕心碎的回憶。最後測試結果呈陰性反應,他面露笑容,並告訴我他沒有想過在這裡能跟一個陌生人訴說這些。我心想,有時候我們能做的,就只是陪伴和關懷。</p> <p>想分享這個經歷是因為三樣東西。第一,他跟你、我,或我們家人朋友的故事大同小異,但我們每人所經驗到的傷痛都是主觀。第二,想起老師曾語重深長的提醒, ‘ never harm, sometimes heal, always care’。最後,我們一直都在尋找的人,不就是那個可以全然接納我們好與壞的人嗎?</p> <p><strong>小記:</strong> 作為一個輔導員,你希望見到的又是什麼?</p> <p><strong>Dickson :</strong> 其實作為別人生命裡的一個過客,我希望見到人改變、成長,以及提升其自我覺察和反思。最後,重拾愛與被愛的能力,重拾自我及其價值,去做自己想做的事,這全都是開始這門學問初時的憧憬。從前的我,是貪心的。我現在最重視的,反而是到底來到的朋友們,他們此時此刻想要和需要的是甚麼呢?他們又希望見到甚麼呢?除此之外,作為一個輔導員,我只希望靜靜細看每分每秒,好好感受,好好活著。</p> <p><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;"><img src="images/IMG_6380.JPG" border="0" width="445" height="346" /></span></strong></p> <p><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;"> </span></strong></p> <p><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">HIV/AIDS situation in Hong Kong in 2015</span></strong></p> <p>The Centre for Health Protection (CHP) of the Department of Health has released figures on the HIV/AIDS situation in Hong Kong in 2015 today. There were 725 new HIV infections in 2015 and 110 new AIDS cases. Both numbers are the highest since records began in 1984.</p> <p>Please see<a href="%20http:/www.info.gov.hk/gia/general/201602/23/P201602230231.htm"> http://www.info.gov.hk/gia/general/201602/23/P201602230231.htm</a> for detailed government data.</p> <p><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">4) 2015</span></strong><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">年香港愛滋病情況</span></strong></p> <p>衞生署衞生防護中心剛公布了本地2015年愛滋病情況數字,2015年全年有725宗新增愛滋病病毒感染個案和110個愛滋病個案,均為1984年有紀錄以來最高。 </p> <p>詳細政府數字請見<a href="http://www.info.gov.hk/gia/general/201602/23/P201602230231.htm">http://www.info.gov.hk/gia/general/201602/23/P201602230231.htm</a>。</p> <p><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;"> </span></strong></p> <p><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">HIV/AIDS knowledge</span></strong></p> <p><span style="text-decoration: underline;">What is the difference between HIV and AIDS?</span></p> <p>Infection of “Human Immunodeficiency Virus” (HIV) causes the damage and deterioration of human immune system. Therefore, the immune system will no longer be able to effectively defend the body against virus and infectious organisms which cause illness. “Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome” (AIDS) refers to the development of a series of complications due to the deterioration of immune system.</p> <p>After the infection of HIV virus, the virus mainly attacks the immune cells named CD4 T cells and causes deterioration in immune system. Without timely and proper treatment, on average it develops into AIDS in 8 to 12 years. The immune system of the patients will no longer be able to effectively protect their bodies against various virus and infectious organisms which cause disease. Therefore, the patients may develop a series of complications such as Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia and Candidiasis. Most of the opportunistic infections can be prevent and treated with existing medicines and treatments. So far there is no treatment that completely cures HIV infection. However, early diagnosis and treatment can control the viral load. HIV is therefore a preventable and manageable chronic illness.</p> <p><span style="text-decoration: underline;">The symptoms of HIV infection</span></p> <p>The virus may be hidden in the human body for several years without any symptoms before the development of complications and illnesses due to deterioration of immune system. The early symptoms of HIV infection may include persistent diarrhea, persistent cough, night sweating, tiredness, weight loss and persistent enlargement of lymph nodes. Some patients may not experience the early symptoms of HIV infection. One cannot tell whether one is infected or any infection has developed into AIDS with these symptoms. The only way to tell whether one is infected is HIV testing.</p> <p><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">愛滋病知識</span></strong></p> <p><span style="text-decoration: underline;">愛滋病病毒(HIV)</span><span style="text-decoration: underline;">和愛滋病(AIDS)</span><span style="text-decoration: underline;">有甚麼分別? </span></p> <p>感染愛滋病毒(Human Immunodeficiency Virus/人體免疫力缺乏病毒,簡稱HIV),會使身體的免疫系統漸漸受到破壞,無法對抗環境中存在的細菌或病毒,而出現一連串的感染症狀,才稱為愛滋病(Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome/後天免疫缺乏症,簡稱AIDS)。</p> <p>當感染HIV後,病毒主要破壞一種名為 CD4 T淋巴細胞的白血球,令人體逐漸喪失免疫能力,如果沒得到及時及合適的治療,感染者平均會在8-12年內成為愛滋病患者,無法抵抗不同種類的病毒或細菌的侵襲。愛滋病患者有機會感染一系列的併發症,例如結核病、肺囊蟲肺炎和真菌感染等,絕大部分的機會性感染都可靠藥物預防或治療。現時仍未有方法完全根治愛滋病病毒,但及早發現和治療可以控制愛滋病病毒指數,是可預防及可控制的長期病。</p> <p><span style="text-decoration: underline;">感染愛滋病病毒有何病徵?</span></p> <p>人體內的愛滋病病毒可能潛伏多年,才會對免疫系統進行侵害而引致病發,免疫系統受到破壞的初期病徵包括:持續性腹瀉、長期乾咳、夜汗、疲倦、體重下降及淋巴結持續腫脹等,亦可能沒有任何徵狀。雖然以上均屬常見病徵,但並不能單憑這些病徵顯示一個人是否已受感染或發病。只有通過愛滋病病毒測試在可以知道一個人有否感染病毒。</p> <p><img src="images/sex%20health.jpg" border="0" width="400" height="200" /></p> <p><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;"> </span></strong></p> <p><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;"> </span></strong></p> <p><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">Coming activities of AIDS Concern</span></strong></p> <p><span style="font-size: xx-small;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">「關懷愛滋」3月和4月活動</span></strong></span></p> <p> </p> <table style="width: 100%;" border="0" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0"> <tbody> <tr> <td> <p><strong>目標社群</strong><strong><br /> <strong>Target group</strong></strong></p> </td> <td> <p><strong>活動</strong><strong><br /> <strong>Activity </strong></strong></p> </td> <td> <p><strong>日期</strong><strong><br /> <strong>Date</strong></strong></p> </td> <td> <p><strong>時間</strong><strong><br /> <strong>Time</strong></strong></p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <p>25歲或以下男男性接觸者<br /> Men who have sex with men under 25</p> </td> <td> <p>安全套製作班<br /> Condom making workshops</p> </td> <td> <p>18/3 (五Fri)<br /> 19/3 (六Sat)</p> </td> <td> <p>16:30-18:30<br /> 11:00-13:00</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <p>男男性接觸者<br /> Men who have sex with men</p> </td> <td> <p>談情畫愛表達藝術工作坊<br /> Expressive art workshop</p> </td> <td> <p>19/3 (六Sat)</p> </td> <td> <p>19:30-21:30</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <p>25歲或以下男男性接觸者<br /> Men who have sex with men under 25</p> </td> <td> <p>《解碼遊戲》放映會<br /> <em>The Imitation Game</em> screening</p> </td> <td> <p>20/3 (日Sun)</p> </td> <td> <p>15:00-17:30</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <p>愛滋病病毒感染者<br /> People living with HIV</p> </td> <td> <p>Mindfulness workshop</p> </td> <td> <p>20/3 (日Sun)</p> </td> <td> <p>  9:30-17:30</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <p>男男性接觸者<br /> Men who have sex with men</p> </td> <td> <p>《健康西Guide》性健康講座<br /> Sexual health workshop</p> </td> <td> <p>24/3 (四Thu)</p> </td> <td> <p>19:30-22:30</p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <p><span style="font-size: xx-small;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;"> </span></strong></span></p> <p><span style="font-size: xx-small;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;"> </span></strong></span></p></div> <div class="feed-description"><p><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">AIDS Concern Information and Education e-Newsletter</span></strong></p> <p><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">March 2016</span></strong></p> <p>AIDS Concern is launching this new Information and Education e-Newsletter to provide information about HIV/AIDS, treatment of HIV/AIDS and our services. This first issue is on counselling and our voluntary counselling and testing services.</p> <p><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">「關懷愛滋」資訊及教育電子通訊</span></strong></p> <p><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">2016</span></strong><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">年3</span></strong><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">月號</span></strong></p> <p><span style="font-size: 12.16px; line-height: 1.3em;">「關懷愛滋」現推出此資訊及教育電子通訊,提供有關愛滋病知識、醫學發展、「關懷愛滋」服務等資訊。<br /></span><span style="font-size: 12.16px; line-height: 1.3em;">今期電子通訊主題是輔導和我們的自願測試及輔導(Voluntary Counselling and Testing)服務。</span></p> <p><strong> </strong></p> <p><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">What is the significance of counselling in HIV testing?</span></strong></p> <p><span style="text-decoration: underline;">Why does AIDS Concern provide counselling services to testing service users—how is it related to HIV prevention?</span></p> <p>Research shows that even a brief, focused, client-centred counselling session would at least have some short-term effect in reducing risky sexual behavior and reducing AIDS-related stigma. (Peltzer, Simbayi, Banyini &amp; Kekana, 2012)</p> <p>Another research regarding the effect of a 60-minute session of motivational or skill-building HIV risk reduction counselling intervention followed up at 4-month intervals indicated (i) significantly greater risk reduction practices, (ii) lower rates of multiple partners, unprotected intercourse, alcohol or drug use in the context of sex, transactional sex and (iii) a greater likelihood of reduction of alcohol use and abuse. (Peltzer, Tabane, Matseke &amp; Simbayi, 2009)</p> <p>Moreover, the testing workers of AIDS Concern have been trained and with a non-judgmental, open and friendly approach we explore how to deal with your concerns together with you in the 40-minute testing and counselling session.</p> <p><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">輔導在愛滋病病毒測試的重要性是甚麼?</span></strong></p> <p><span style="text-decoration: underline;">很多人不明白為什麼我們要為測試使用者提供輔導;這與預防愛滋病有什麼關係?</span></p> <p>研究顯示,一次簡短、專注,並以服務對象為中心的輔導服務對減少高風險性行為有短期影響,並減輕服務對象對愛滋病的污名。(Peltzer, Simbayi, Banyini &amp; Kekana, 2012)</p> <p>另一項研究發現,每4個月一次的60分鐘動機性及技巧建立的風險緩和輔導可以有以下影響 (1) 大大減少高風險行為、(2) 減少多個性伴侶的情況、不安全性行為、在進行性行為時使用藥物或酒精、性交易和(3) 有機會減少使用酒精及暴力。(Peltzer, Tabane, Matseke &amp; Simbayi, 2009)</p> <p>更重要是「關懷愛滋」的測試員都是經過訓練,會以不批判、開放及友好的態度在40分鐘的測試中與你同行,探索你的困擾及面對的處境。</p> <p><em style="font-size: 12.16px; line-height: 1.3em;">References</em></p> <p><span style="font-size: xx-small;">Peltzer, K., Simbayi, L., Banyini, M., &amp; Kekana, Q. (2012). HIV Risk Reduction Intervention Among Medically Circumcised Young Men in South Africa: A Randomized Controlled Trial. International Journal Of Behavioral Medicine, 19(3), 336-341. doi:10.1007/s12529-011-9171-8</span></p> <p><span style="font-size: xx-small;">Peltzer, K., Tabane, C., Matseke, G., &amp; Simbayi, L. (2009). Lay counsellor-based risk reduction intervention with HIV negative diagnosed patients at HIV counselling and testing sites in a rural South African setting. Journal Of Psychology In Africa, 19(4), 541-548.</span></p> <p><strong> </strong></p> <p><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">Voluntary counselling and testing services of AIDS Concern</span></strong></p> <p>The objective of our voluntary counselling and testing services is not only to allow service users to know the result of the HIV test in a comfortable, confidential setting, but also to allow service users to chat with our counsellors about how they feel about getting tested, HIV risk and how to face the test result together in the 40-minute counselling and testing session. Our counsellors are open and non-judgmental.</p> <p>Apart from one-off voluntary counselling and testing services, we provide a ‘Shall We Talk’ service for people facing the following issues:</p> <ul> <li><span style="font-size: 12.16px; line-height: 1.3em;">Relationship problems</span></li> <li><span style="font-size: 12.16px; line-height: 1.3em;">Emotional distress</span></li> <li><span style="font-size: 12.16px; line-height: 1.3em;">Problems with drugs or alcohol consumption</span></li> <li><span style="font-size: 12.16px; line-height: 1.3em;">Sexual health</span></li> <li><span style="font-size: 12.16px; line-height: 1.3em;">Identity crisis</span></li> <li><span style="font-size: 12.16px; line-height: 1.3em;">Difficulties in using condoms</span></li> <li><span style="font-size: 12.16px; line-height: 1.3em;">Others</span></li> </ul> <p>If you face these issues, our counsellors are here to listen and provide support. Please contact us on 2394 6677.</p> <p><img src="images/Shall%20we%20talk%20Eng%20landscape_non25%20logo.jpg" border="0" width="440" height="309" /></p> <p><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">「關懷愛滋」測試及輔導服務</span></strong></p> <p>自願測試及輔導(voluntary counselling and testing)期望在進行測試的過程中,讓來進行測試的朋友在保密舒適的環境即時知道愛滋病病毒測試結果,更重要是在40分鐘的輔導及測試過程中,測試員會以不批判、開放的態度與來測試的朋友傾談測試的心情、感染風險,以及一同探討如何面對測試的結果。</p> <p>除了一次性的自願測試及輔導,我們亦提供「陪我講」服務,如果你面對以下煩惱:</p> <ul> <li><span style="font-size: 12.16px; line-height: 1.3em;">伴侶關係問題</span></li> <li><span style="font-size: 12.16px; line-height: 1.3em;">情緒困擾</span></li> <li><span style="font-size: 12.16px; line-height: 1.3em;">關於毒品或飲酒的問題</span></li> <li><span style="font-size: 12.16px; line-height: 1.3em;">性健康</span></li> <li><span style="font-size: 12.16px; line-height: 1.3em;">身份認同</span></li> <li><span style="font-size: 12.16px; line-height: 1.3em;">使用安全套的困難</span></li> <li><span style="font-size: 12.16px; line-height: 1.3em;">其他問題</span></li> </ul> <p>我們的輔導員都會為大家提供持續性的傾談,一同面對。</p> <p>你可以致電2394 6677聯絡我們的輔導員。</p> <p><img src="images/flat%20shall%20we%20talk.jpg" border="0" width="440" height="311" /></p> <p> </p> <p><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">An interview with Dickson, a counsellor of AIDS Concern<br /> </span></strong><br /> <strong>Interviewer:</strong> What does counselling mean to you? <br /> Dickson: Haha….. I have been reflecting on this question over these years. At the moment, counselling is a journey to me. A tour guide (the counsellor) who understands, trusts and loves hopes to create a safe and reliable platform for a traveler with their own stories (people who receive counselling services). It’s a journey which may reveal some of the hidden secrets of the travelers and remind them of past wounds. It is also an opportunity for them to rephrase the meaning of life or reshape some of their beliefs. Of course it is the traveler who decides what his/her destination is.</p> <p><strong>Interviewer:</strong> Can you share one of your most memorable experiences?</p> <p><strong>Dickson:</strong> There are plenty of them. Every story is unique and fruitful when you listen to each service user with full attention.<br /> <br /> I remember a service user who came for our voluntary counselling and testing (VCT) service. He looked around 20 years old. He was good-looking and looked cold and distant. At the beginning, I could tell he had some understanding of our VCT service and HIV and had emotionally prepared for any positive testing result. I felt he seemed to regret what he did and feel anxious and worried about the testing result. <br /> <br /> During the 15 minutes when we waited for the result, we chatted about an unforgettable romance which had just ended. Apart from changes in his emotions and thoughts, I could see heart-breaking memories in his tears. <br /> <br /> The result came as negative finally. He smiled and told me he had never thought he would share his memories with a stranger here. I thought sometimes all that we could do is to be by their side and show them that we care.<span style="font-size: 12.16px; line-height: 1.3em;"> </span></p> <p>There are three things I want to share about this experience. Firstly, He and you, you and I or our family and friends share similar stories, but we are subjective about the pain we feel. Secondly, it reminds me of what my teacher said- ‘never harm, sometimes heal, always care.’ Finally, we are all looking for that someone who accepts us wholly, aren’t we?</p> <p><strong>Interviewer:</strong> As a counsellor, what do you hope to see?</p> <p><strong>Dickson:</strong> As a passer-by in someone’s life, I want to see changes, growth, and strengthened self-reflection in our clients. To be able to love and to be loved, re-discover one’s self and value and pursue one’s dream are what I have envisioned since learning about counselling. I was greedy in the past. <br /> Now, what I value is what people who come for our services want and need at this moment and what they want to see. Lastly, as a counsellor, I wish to be attentive every moment, to live fully and to feel whole-heartedly.  </p> <p> </p> <p><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">「關懷愛滋」輔導員Dickson</span></strong><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">訪問</span></strong></p> <p><strong>小記:</strong> 對你來說,輔導是什麼?</p> <p><strong>Dickson :</strong> 哈哈,其實我這些年來都在反思這個問題。就此時此刻的我而言,輔導是一個旅行。是一個由對人有了解、有希望、心存信念和愛的導遊(輔導員),創造一個安全和可以信賴的平台,陪伴一位帶著自己人生地圖的遊客(接受輔導的朋友)一同探索的旅程。這個旅程有可能會碰到受傷的過去和重遇一些隱藏了很久的秘密,也有機會重拾生命的意義或重整一些信念。而到底目要到哪裡探索,當然是遊客自己決定。</p> <p><strong>小記:</strong> 你以分享一下最深刻的輔導經歷嗎?</p> <p><strong>Dickson : </strong>其實有很多,因為當你願意花時間去細心聆聽每一個故事,他們都是獨特,都是精彩。</p> <p>我突然想起一個來接受測試服務的朋友。他看似二十多歲,外表俊俏,帶有一點冷酷及距離感,臉上沒有多餘的表情。開始時,從對話中聽到他對測試及愛滋病的相關議題及情況有一定認識,也有心理準備。但無形中,從他的氣息中,我感受到的,是他好像對之前發生的事感到後悔,對未發生的感到焦慮和不安。測試後,等待的十五分鐘,我們開始聊的是一段剛剛完結了,卻又銘心刻骨的愛情。除了思想和感受上的改變,我從他眼角的淚痕中發現的,是一幕幕心碎的回憶。最後測試結果呈陰性反應,他面露笑容,並告訴我他沒有想過在這裡能跟一個陌生人訴說這些。我心想,有時候我們能做的,就只是陪伴和關懷。</p> <p>想分享這個經歷是因為三樣東西。第一,他跟你、我,或我們家人朋友的故事大同小異,但我們每人所經驗到的傷痛都是主觀。第二,想起老師曾語重深長的提醒, ‘ never harm, sometimes heal, always care’。最後,我們一直都在尋找的人,不就是那個可以全然接納我們好與壞的人嗎?</p> <p><strong>小記:</strong> 作為一個輔導員,你希望見到的又是什麼?</p> <p><strong>Dickson :</strong> 其實作為別人生命裡的一個過客,我希望見到人改變、成長,以及提升其自我覺察和反思。最後,重拾愛與被愛的能力,重拾自我及其價值,去做自己想做的事,這全都是開始這門學問初時的憧憬。從前的我,是貪心的。我現在最重視的,反而是到底來到的朋友們,他們此時此刻想要和需要的是甚麼呢?他們又希望見到甚麼呢?除此之外,作為一個輔導員,我只希望靜靜細看每分每秒,好好感受,好好活著。</p> <p><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;"><img src="images/IMG_6380.JPG" border="0" width="445" height="346" /></span></strong></p> <p><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;"> </span></strong></p> <p><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">HIV/AIDS situation in Hong Kong in 2015</span></strong></p> <p>The Centre for Health Protection (CHP) of the Department of Health has released figures on the HIV/AIDS situation in Hong Kong in 2015 today. There were 725 new HIV infections in 2015 and 110 new AIDS cases. Both numbers are the highest since records began in 1984.</p> <p>Please see<a href="%20http:/www.info.gov.hk/gia/general/201602/23/P201602230231.htm"> http://www.info.gov.hk/gia/general/201602/23/P201602230231.htm</a> for detailed government data.</p> <p><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">4) 2015</span></strong><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">年香港愛滋病情況</span></strong></p> <p>衞生署衞生防護中心剛公布了本地2015年愛滋病情況數字,2015年全年有725宗新增愛滋病病毒感染個案和110個愛滋病個案,均為1984年有紀錄以來最高。 </p> <p>詳細政府數字請見<a href="http://www.info.gov.hk/gia/general/201602/23/P201602230231.htm">http://www.info.gov.hk/gia/general/201602/23/P201602230231.htm</a>。</p> <p><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;"> </span></strong></p> <p><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">HIV/AIDS knowledge</span></strong></p> <p><span style="text-decoration: underline;">What is the difference between HIV and AIDS?</span></p> <p>Infection of “Human Immunodeficiency Virus” (HIV) causes the damage and deterioration of human immune system. Therefore, the immune system will no longer be able to effectively defend the body against virus and infectious organisms which cause illness. “Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome” (AIDS) refers to the development of a series of complications due to the deterioration of immune system.</p> <p>After the infection of HIV virus, the virus mainly attacks the immune cells named CD4 T cells and causes deterioration in immune system. Without timely and proper treatment, on average it develops into AIDS in 8 to 12 years. The immune system of the patients will no longer be able to effectively protect their bodies against various virus and infectious organisms which cause disease. Therefore, the patients may develop a series of complications such as Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia and Candidiasis. Most of the opportunistic infections can be prevent and treated with existing medicines and treatments. So far there is no treatment that completely cures HIV infection. However, early diagnosis and treatment can control the viral load. HIV is therefore a preventable and manageable chronic illness.</p> <p><span style="text-decoration: underline;">The symptoms of HIV infection</span></p> <p>The virus may be hidden in the human body for several years without any symptoms before the development of complications and illnesses due to deterioration of immune system. The early symptoms of HIV infection may include persistent diarrhea, persistent cough, night sweating, tiredness, weight loss and persistent enlargement of lymph nodes. Some patients may not experience the early symptoms of HIV infection. One cannot tell whether one is infected or any infection has developed into AIDS with these symptoms. The only way to tell whether one is infected is HIV testing.</p> <p><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">愛滋病知識</span></strong></p> <p><span style="text-decoration: underline;">愛滋病病毒(HIV)</span><span style="text-decoration: underline;">和愛滋病(AIDS)</span><span style="text-decoration: underline;">有甚麼分別? </span></p> <p>感染愛滋病毒(Human Immunodeficiency Virus/人體免疫力缺乏病毒,簡稱HIV),會使身體的免疫系統漸漸受到破壞,無法對抗環境中存在的細菌或病毒,而出現一連串的感染症狀,才稱為愛滋病(Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome/後天免疫缺乏症,簡稱AIDS)。</p> <p>當感染HIV後,病毒主要破壞一種名為 CD4 T淋巴細胞的白血球,令人體逐漸喪失免疫能力,如果沒得到及時及合適的治療,感染者平均會在8-12年內成為愛滋病患者,無法抵抗不同種類的病毒或細菌的侵襲。愛滋病患者有機會感染一系列的併發症,例如結核病、肺囊蟲肺炎和真菌感染等,絕大部分的機會性感染都可靠藥物預防或治療。現時仍未有方法完全根治愛滋病病毒,但及早發現和治療可以控制愛滋病病毒指數,是可預防及可控制的長期病。</p> <p><span style="text-decoration: underline;">感染愛滋病病毒有何病徵?</span></p> <p>人體內的愛滋病病毒可能潛伏多年,才會對免疫系統進行侵害而引致病發,免疫系統受到破壞的初期病徵包括:持續性腹瀉、長期乾咳、夜汗、疲倦、體重下降及淋巴結持續腫脹等,亦可能沒有任何徵狀。雖然以上均屬常見病徵,但並不能單憑這些病徵顯示一個人是否已受感染或發病。只有通過愛滋病病毒測試在可以知道一個人有否感染病毒。</p> <p><img src="images/sex%20health.jpg" border="0" width="400" height="200" /></p> <p><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;"> </span></strong></p> <p><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;"> </span></strong></p> <p><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">Coming activities of AIDS Concern</span></strong></p> <p><span style="font-size: xx-small;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">「關懷愛滋」3月和4月活動</span></strong></span></p> <p> </p> <table style="width: 100%;" border="0" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0"> <tbody> <tr> <td> <p><strong>目標社群</strong><strong><br /> <strong>Target group</strong></strong></p> </td> <td> <p><strong>活動</strong><strong><br /> <strong>Activity </strong></strong></p> </td> <td> <p><strong>日期</strong><strong><br /> <strong>Date</strong></strong></p> </td> <td> <p><strong>時間</strong><strong><br /> <strong>Time</strong></strong></p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <p>25歲或以下男男性接觸者<br /> Men who have sex with men under 25</p> </td> <td> <p>安全套製作班<br /> Condom making workshops</p> </td> <td> <p>18/3 (五Fri)<br /> 19/3 (六Sat)</p> </td> <td> <p>16:30-18:30<br /> 11:00-13:00</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <p>男男性接觸者<br /> Men who have sex with men</p> </td> <td> <p>談情畫愛表達藝術工作坊<br /> Expressive art workshop</p> </td> <td> <p>19/3 (六Sat)</p> </td> <td> <p>19:30-21:30</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <p>25歲或以下男男性接觸者<br /> Men who have sex with men under 25</p> </td> <td> <p>《解碼遊戲》放映會<br /> <em>The Imitation Game</em> screening</p> </td> <td> <p>20/3 (日Sun)</p> </td> <td> <p>15:00-17:30</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <p>愛滋病病毒感染者<br /> People living with HIV</p> </td> <td> <p>Mindfulness workshop</p> </td> <td> <p>20/3 (日Sun)</p> </td> <td> <p>  9:30-17:30</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <p>男男性接觸者<br /> Men who have sex with men</p> </td> <td> <p>《健康西Guide》性健康講座<br /> Sexual health workshop</p> </td> <td> <p>24/3 (四Thu)</p> </td> <td> <p>19:30-22:30</p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <p><span style="font-size: xx-small;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;"> </span></strong></span></p> <p><span style="font-size: xx-small;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;"> </span></strong></span></p></div>